China fighting battle of the bulge
To help bolster the battle of the bulge, the State Council, China's Cabinet, issued a guideline recently to implement the Healthy China initiative, which encourages people to adopt healthier lifestyles and diets.
The guideline sets specific targets for reducing daily salt intake to less than five grams, cooking oil intake to between 25 and 30 grams and sugar intake to 25 grams by 2030.
The daily intake of fat for adults should be reduced to less than 32 percent of their total daily energy intake by 2022 and to no more than 30 percent by 2030, the guideline said.
People are encouraged to eat more than 500 grams of vegetables and 500 grams of fruits every day, and are advised to eat at least 12 different types of food daily and 25 types of food weekly, it said.
Ding Gangqiang, director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Institute of Nutrition and Health, said the government will limit the production and sale of high-sugar foods, encourage food manufacturers to produce reduced-sugar and sugar-free foods and help consumers learn how to identify added sugar on nutrition fact labels.
The daily salt intake for Chinese people is around 10 grams, double the 5 grams recommended by the World Health Organization, Ding said at a news conference on Wednesday.
The National Health Commission said 30.1 percent of Chinese adults were overweight in 2012, up by almost a third from 2002, and 11.9 percent were obese, up by just over two-thirds.
Among young people between the ages of 6 and 17, 9.6 percent were overweight, double the ratio in 2002, and 6.4 percent were obese, triple the ratio in 2002.
China has the largest overweight population in the world－43.2 million men and 46.4 million women－with the United States in second place, according to a study published in The Lancet in 2016.
Mao Qun'an, director of the National Health Commission's department of planning and information, said changing dietary habits is an extremely difficult task and takes years of effort.
"We hope that as more people start to realize the importance of a healthy diet, they will start to cut intakes of salt, oil and sugar," Mao said.
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